There are over 100 cinder and spatter cones arranged along these rift zones.
Nevertheless, one round had punctured the fuel tank of Shigenori Nishikaichi’s fighter, and he began losing fuel.
That single bullet set into motion events that would eventually lead to United States interning more than one-hundred thousand people of Japanese heritage—despite their citizenship—in concentration camps for the remainder World War II.
The US forces were flying P-36As, and were hugely outclassed by the Zeros.
Despite the advantage of surprise, the US planes were quickly dispatched.
As the Japanese pilot made his way back to the aircraft carrier, his injured plane fell behind.
It soon became apparent that he would not be able to reach the carrier as it steamed away from Hawaii and back toward Japan.
Contrary to Japan’s pre-attack intelligence, the tiny island was inhabited. On his second pass over Niihau, Nishukaichi located an area he considered suitable, and attempted landing near an isolated house.
As he began to touch down, his plane became entangled in a wire fence which had gone unnoticed during his surveys from the air. The island of Niihau had been sold by King Kamehameha V to the Robinson family, who retained control even in 1941.
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When the Empire of Nippon launched its massive attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of 7 December 1941, Airman 1st Class Shigenori Nishikaichi was among the raiders, escorting a group of bombers in his Zero fighter.