It was a coffee house, hence the word "cafe." Cafes were places educated people went to share ideas and new discoveries.
Patrons spent several hours in these establishments in one "sitting." This trend caught on in Europe on the 17th century.
With the exception of inns, which were primarily for travelers, and street kitchens...where in Europe at that time could one purchase a meal outside the home?
Menus, offering dishes individually portioned, priced and prepared to order, were introduced to the public for the first time. This was the first restaurant in the modern sense of the term." ---Larousse Gastronomiqe, completely revised and updated [Clarkson Potter: New York] 1999 (p. Mathurin Roze de Chantoiseau in Paris, 1766 "According to Spang, the forgotten inventor was Mathurin Roze de Chantoiseau, a figure so perfectly emblematic of his time that he almost seems like an invention himself.The son of a landowner and merchant, Roze moved to Paris in the early 1760s and began floating a variety of schemes he believed would enrich him and his country at the same time." They were highly regulated establishments that sold restaurants (meat based consommes intended to "restore" a person's strength) to people who were not feeling well.Cook-caterers (traiteurs) also served hungry patrons. The history of these two professions is historically connected and often difficult to distinguish.Did you know the word restaurant is derived from the French word restaurer which means to restore?
The first French restaurants [pre-revolution] were not fancy gourmet establishments run by ex-aristocratic chefs.
Historians tell us the genesis of food service dates back to ancient times.
Street vendors and public cooks (caterers) were readily available in Ancient Rome.
The French Revolution launched the modern the restaurant industry.
It relaxed the legal rights of guilds that [since the Middle Ages] were licensed by the king to control specific foods [eg.
Beauvilliers, 1782 "However, the first Parisian restaurant worthy of the name was the one founded by Beauvilliers in 1782 in the Rue de Richelieu, called the Grande Taverne de Londres.