Click here to see a list of Dartmouth Medal recipients.A short length of horizontal rule used for punctuation, to separate text, and for decorative effect.
Facts, figures, or instructions presented in a form that can be comprehended, interpreted, and communicated by a human being or processed by a computer. A large, regularly updated file of digitized information (bibliographic records, abstracts, full-text documents, directory entries, images, statistics, etc.) related to a specific subject or field, consisting of records of uniform format organized for ease and speed of search and retrieval and managed with the aid of database management system (DBMS) software.Content is created by the database producer (for example, the American Psychological Association), which usually publishes a print version (), usually on CD-ROM or online via the Internet, using proprietary search software.Click here to see a copy of the first printed edition of Marsilio of Padua's A visible stain, often in a shade of gray or tan, found on the covers or leaves of a book, caused by exposure to moisture, water, or some other liquid (see this example).When minimal, it is tolerated by collectors in the absence of mildew in very old, scarce books, but its presence lowers the monetary value of the item.Compression algorithms are classified as lossless or lossy, depending on whether data is lost in compression.
Click here to learn more about file compression, courtesy of The process of translating data from one form to another, usually from human-readable to machine-readable format (or vice versa), from one file type to another, or from one recording medium to another, for example, from film to videotape or videodisc using a telecine.
Although the daguerreotype was capable of capturing fine detail, the highly polished surface had a mirror effect when viewed at an oblique angle and was easily scratched and tarnished.
For this reason, daguerreotypes were typically protected under a metal mat, covered by a plate of glass, and enclosed in a case (see these examples).
Most databases used in libraries are catalogs, periodical indexes, abstracting services, and full-text reference resources leased annually under licensing agreements that limit access to registered borrowers and library staff.
Abbreviated A computer application designed to control the storage, retrieval, security, integrity, and reporting of data in the form of uniform records organized in a large searchable file called a database.
The Greek word for "guardian spirit." In computing, an auxiliary systems program initiated at startup and executed in the background that performs a specific task when needed, for example, running a scheduler to start another process automatically at a pre-established time, checking incoming e-mail messages for addresses that cannot be found, or notifying the sender that a message could not be delivered.