The new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were prohibited.The proscriptions included barns, lumber yards, and any industrial land use employing machine-powered equipment.Historically home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States.On September 14, 1908, Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones.First, the 1908 laws did not establish a comprehensive zoning map as the 1916 New York City Zoning Ordinance did.Second, the residential zones did not distinguish types of housing: it treated apartments, hotels, and detached-single-family housing equally. During World War II, Los Angeles was a major center of wartime manufacturing, such as shipbuilding and aircraft.However, between 19, Los Angeles City Council created various exceptions to the broad proscriptions which applied to these three residential zones, and as a consequence, some industrial uses emerged within them.
There are two differences from the 1908 Residence District Ordinance and later zoning laws in the United States.
Calship built hundreds of Liberty Ships and Victory Ships on Terminal Island, and the Los Angeles area was the headquarters of six of the country's major aircraft manufacturers (Douglas Aircraft Company, Hughes Aircraft, Lockheed, North American Aviation, Northrop Corporation, and Vultee).
During the war, more aircraft were produced in one year than in all the pre-war years since the Wright brothers flew the first airplane in 1903, combined.
The Queen of the Angels (feast day August 2) is an honorific of the Virgin Mary; the present-day city still retains an active Roman Catholic Archdiocese, and remains the largest such archdiocese in the United States.
Two-thirds of the settlers were mestizo or mulatto with a mixture of African, indigenous and European ancestry.
These included explosives warehousing, gas works, oil-drilling, slaughterhouses, and tanneries.