S., Germany, Japan, and France –indeed just about every country- really sinks in.It is more than symbolic that the Japanese Government has formally accepted the death of its breeder reactor, which was the original holy-grail of nuclear power.The world no longer needs to build nuclear power plants to avoid climate change and certainly not to save money.
They largely ignored the fact that many well-meaning people viewed local air pollution and climate change more of a danger than nuclear.In those years shutting down a nuclear plant did mean increased emissions of local pollutants and green house gases.The authors are always grateful for corrections and suggested improvements. ON (Germany) AREVA (France) EDF (France) ENGIE (France) ENEL (Italy) TEPCO (Japan) Toshiba (Japan) KEPCO (South Korea) CGN (China) Exelon (U. ON Share Price Development Since 2006 Figure 30 | AREVA Share Price Development Since 2006 Figure 31 | EDF Share Price Development Since 2006 Figure 32 | ENGIE Share Price Development Since 2006 Figure 33 | TEPCO Share Price Development Since 2006 Figure 34 | Toshiba Share Price Development Since 2006 Figure 35 | Kepco Share Price Development Since 2006 Figure 36 | CGN Share Price Development Since its Launch in 2014 Figure 37 | European Emission Trading System Performance Figure 38 | Distribution of Radiation Doses According to Airborne Monitoring Figure 39 | Estimated Cost of Fukushima Accident Countermeasures Figure 40 | Global Investment Decisions in Renewables and Nuclear Power 2004-2016 Figure 41 | Top 10 Countries for Renewable Energy Investment 2014-2016 Figure 42 | Wind, Solar and Nuclear Capacity and Production in the World Figure 43 | Wind, Solar and Nuclear Capacity and Production in China 2000-2016 Figure 44 | Startup and Shutdown of Electricity Generating Capacity in the EU in 2016 Figure 45 | Variations in Installed Capacity and Electricity Generation in the EU Figure 46 | Wind, Solar and Nuclear Capacity and Production in India 2000-2016 Figure 47 | Suspended Angra-3 Construction Site in November 2015 Figure 48 | Age Distribution of Chinese Nuclear Fleet Figure 49 | Nuclear Reactors Startups and Shutdowns in the EU28, 1956–2017 Figure 50 | Nuclear Reactors and Net Operating Capacity in the EU28 Figure 51 | Age Distribution of the EU28 Reactor Fleet Figure 52 | Age Distribution of Swiss Nuclear Fleet Table of tables Table 1 | Nuclear Reactors “Under Construction” (as of 1 July 2017) Table 2 | Reactor Construction Times 2007–2017 Table 3 | Legal Closure Dates for German Nuclear Reactors 2011-2022 Table 4 | Japanese Reactors Officially Shut Down Post-3/11 Table 5 | Early Shutdowns of U. Reactors 2009–2025 Table 6 | Summary of Nuclear Newcomer Countries (Actual and Potential) Table 7 | Credit Rating History of Major European Utilities Table 8 | Nuclear Operators’ Provisions Table 9 | Results of Thyroid Cancer Examinations 2011-2016 Table 10 | Total Cesium Measured in Food Products in Fukushima Prefecture Table 12 | Government and Independent Assessments of Cleanup and Remediation Costs of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster (in billion US$) Table 11 | Closure Dates for Belgian Nuclear Reactors 2022–2025 Table 13 | Status of Japanese Nuclear Reactor Fleet (as of 1 July 2017) Table 14 | Status of Nuclear Power in the World (as of 1 July 2017) Table 15 | Nuclear Reactors in the World “Under Construction” (as of 1 July 2017) Nuclear power was born in a sea of euphoria out of a collective American guilt over dropping the atomic bomb.Table of Contents FOREWORD Key Insights in Brief Executive Summary and Conclusions Introduction General Overview Worldwide The Role of Nuclear Power Operation, Power Generation, Age Distribution Overview of Current New Build Construction Times Construction Times of Reactors Currently Under Construction Construction Times of Past and Currently Operating Reactors Construction Starts and Cancellations Operating Age Lifetime Projections FOCUS COUNTRIES France Focus Introduction French Nuclear Power and Electricity Mix The Troubled Flamanville-3 EPR and the Creusot Forge Affair Rising Costs and a Lurking Investment Wall Germany Focus Japan Focus Restart Prospects Energy Policy Restarts Critical Aging and Life Extensions Monju Shutdown New Build Projects South Korea Focus Future of Nuclear Power United Kingdom Focus UNITED STATES FOCUS Securing Financing, Shutdowns and Reversing Shutdowns New Reactor Construction Vogtle and V. S.) Outlook on energy sector developments Emission Trading System (ETS) Power prices Conclusion on Nuclear Finances Small Modular Reactors United States Russia South Korea China India Argentina Conclusion on Small Modular Reactors Fukushima Status Report Introduction On-site Challenges Current Status of the Reactors Contaminated Water Management Worker Exposure Off-site Challenges Current Status of Evacuation Radiation Exposure and Health Effects Food Contamination Decontamination Costs Involved Conclusion on Fukushima Status Report Nuclear Power vs. Renewable Energies Annex 1 Overview by Region and Country Africa The Americas Asia and Middle East European Union (EU28) and Switzerland Western Europe Central and Eastern Europe Former Soviet Union Annex 2 Reactor Restart Prospects IN JAPAN Nuclear Regulation Authority Review and Reactor Restart Prospects Future Nuclear Operations of TEPCO Annex 3 Definition of Credit Rating by the Main Agencies Annex 4 About the Authors Annex 5 Abbreviations Annex 6 Status of Nuclear Power in the World Annex 7 Nuclear Reactors in the World “Under Construction” Table of figures Figure 1 | Nuclear Electricity Generation in the World Figure 2 | Nuclear Electricity Generation and Share in Global Power Generation Figure 3 | Nuclear Power Reactor Grid Connections and Shutdowns Figure 4 | Nuclear Power Reactor Grid Connections and Shutdowns - The China Effect Figure 5 | World Nuclear Reactor Fleet, 1954–2017 Figure 6 | Nuclear Reactors Under Construction Figure 7 | Average Annual Construction Times in the World Figure 8 | Construction Starts in the World Figure 9 | Construction Starts in the World - China Figure 10 | Cancelled or Suspended Reactor Constructions Figure 11 | Age Distribution of Operating Reactors in the World Figure 12 | Age Distribution of Shut Down Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 13 | The 40-Year Lifetime Projection Figure 14 | The PLEX Projection Figure 15 | Forty-Year Lifetime Projection versus PLEX Projection Figure 16 | Age Distribution of French Nuclear Fleet Figure 17 | Main Developments of the German Power System Between 20 Figure 18 | Japanese Reactor Status Figure 19 | Japanese Nuclear Activity Program History Figure 20 | Age Distribution of Japanese Nuclear Fleet Figure 21 | U. Reactor Startups and Shutdowns Figure 22 | Age Distribution of U. And for at least two decades it was the “clean” alternative to coal that was going to meet all of our energy needs forever.The most decisive part of this report is the final section- Nuclear Power vs Renewable Energy Development.
It reveals that since 1997, worldwide, renewable energy has produced four times as many new kilowatt-hours of electricity than nuclear power.Most revealing is the fact that nowhere in the world, where there is a competitive market for electricity, has even one single nuclear power plant been initiated.Only where the government or the consumer takes the risks of cost overruns and delays is nuclear power even being considered.Because of that history, this 2017 is perhaps the most decisive document in the history of nuclear power.The report makes clear, in telling detail, that the debate is over.Nuclear power has been eclipsed by the sun and the wind.