Organelles involved in energy metabolism: chloroplasts and mitochondria, plant microbodies.
Nucleus, chromosomes, cell growth and proliferation, mitosis and meiosis.
Due to shorter product lifecycles and a rising demand for customization, flexibility and adaptability of assembly processes will become key elements in achieving sustainable success of industrial production in high-wage countries.
After taking the course, the student should be able to: * study a collection of biochemical observations, such as the Results Section of a publication or simply a series of related observations compiled specifically for the exercise, and assess their significance.
Indications of this ability could be, eg answering particular questions or writing the Discussion section of a paper.
After taking this course the student should be able to: * identify the main flows of energy through the biosphere * understand how minerals cycle in the environment and how soils form * appreciate the main features of aquatic environments and terrestrial biomes * have an awareness of the effects that humans have on the environment Content: The flow of energy through the biosphere; the global biogeochemical cycles; soils and aquatic environments; the major terrestrial biomes(tundra, northern coniferous forests, temperate deciduous forests, temperate grasslands, and tropical forests).
The impact of humankind on the environment, with particular emphasis on pollution.
The chapter concludes with two application examples—one dealing with the assembly of large-scale components (airplane structures) and the other with small component assembly (micro-optical elements)—presented to illustrate the industrial deployment of self-optimization for assembly tasks.
Aims & learning objectives: Aims: To introduce the techniques available for determining the structure and function of cellular components and processes, to describe the structure and function of cells and cell organelles and to show the diversity of cells.Dynamics of ecological populations including field and laboratory examples and mathematical models.Population growth, intraspecifc and interspecific competition and predator/prey relationships.Aims & learning objectives: Aims: To provide a broad introduction to key concepts in ecology and evolution.To approach issues in ecology and evolution in a rigorous, cohesive way that will provide the students with a conceptual framework that will help them to examine other areas of biology in a fuller context of evolution and ecology.Aims & learning objectives: Aims: To introduce the structure and function of nucleic acids; To introduce the concepts and methodology of genetic modification.