This then can be used to deduce the sequence of events and processes that took place or the history of that brief period of time as recorded in the rocks or soil.
For example, the presence of recycled bricks at an archaeological site indicates the sequence in which the structures were built.
A coin, vessel, or other common artifact could link two archaeological sites, but the possibility of recycling would have to be considered.
This means that a quartz sandstone deposited 500 million years ago will look very similar to a quartz sandstone deposited 50 years ago.Making this processes even more difficult is the fact that due to plate tectonics some rock layers have been uplifted into mountains and eroded while others have subsided to form basins and be buried by younger sediments.With this in mind geologist have long known that the deeper a sedimentary rock layer is the older it is, but how old?Although there might be some mineral differences due to the difference in source rock, most sedimentary rock deposited year after year look very similar to one another.These include some that establish a relative chronology in which occurrences can be placed in the correct sequence relative to one another or to some known succession of events.
Radiometric dating and certain other approaches are used to provide absolute chronologies in terms of years before the present.The stratigraphic column, a composite of these systems, was pieced together from exposures in different regions by application of the principles…Local relationships on a single outcrop or archaeological site can often be interpreted to deduce the sequence in which the materials were assembled.With out individual time stamps the process of dating these structures could become extremely difficult.To deal with many of these problems geologists utilize two types of geologic time: relative time and absolute time.Unlike relative time, absolute time assigns specific ages to events or formations and is typically recorded in years before present.