A more precise and accurate archaeology dating system is known as absolute dating and can in most circumstances provide a calendar year to the object.
Absolute dating is highly dependant on laboratory analysis.There are a number of techniques that have come to archaeology through the nuclear research efforts during WW2.If any organizations or other pertinent information has been inadvertently excluded please contact MCI.When museums and collectors purchase archaeological items for their collections they enter an expensive and potentially deceptive commercial fine arts arena.Healthy profits are to be made from illicitly plundered ancient sites or selling skillfully made forgeries.
Archaeology dating techniques can assure buyers that their item is not a fake by providing scientific reassurance of the artefact's likely age.
For example, if an artefact, say an oil lamp, is found co-located on the same floor of a governor's dwelling, and that floor can be dated in archaeology terms by reason of the patterns employed in the mosaic, then it is assumed that in relation to the floor that the lamp is of the same age.
The underlying principle of stratigraphic analysis in archaeology is that of superposition.
To obtain a truly absolute chronology, corrections must be made, provided by measurements on samples of know age.
The most suitable types of sample for radiocarbon dating are charcoal and well-preserved wood, although leather, cloth, paper, peat, shell and bone can also be used.
Archaeological scientists have two primary ways of telling the age of artefacts and the sites from which they came: relative dating and absolute dating.