In 1999, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge.
Archaeological research shows that this involved abandonment of Lundenwic and a revival of life and trade within the old Roman walls.London then grew slowly until about 950, after which activity increased dramatically.At its height in the 2nd century, Roman London had a population of around 60,000.With the collapse of Roman rule in the early 5th century, London ceased to be a capital, and the walled city of Londinium was effectively abandoned, although Roman civilisation continued in the area of St Martin-in-the-Fields until around 450.By the 11th century, London was beyond all comparison the largest town in England.
Westminster Abbey, rebuilt in the Romanesque style by King Edward the Confessor, was one of the grandest churches in Europe.
Three are recorded; those in 851 and 886 succeeded, while the last, in 994, was rebuffed.
The Vikings established Danelaw over much of eastern and northern England; its boundary stretched roughly from London to Chester.
In 1475, the Hanseatic League set up its main trading base (kontor) of England in London, called the Stalhof or Steelyard.
It existed until 1853, when the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck, Bremen and Hamburg sold the property to South Eastern Railway.
Violence against Jews took place in 1190, after it was rumoured that the new King had ordered their massacre after they had presented themselves at his coronation.