Aberdeen boasts the title of Oil Capital of Europe and has been voted in several polls as the happiest place in Britain, with a 2006 poll citing access to large areas of greenery and community spirit.
During the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, growing prosperity led to grand civil engineering projects, including Union Street (much of which is actually bridge) and the construction of many large and ornate buildings.
Grand architecture is one of the city's distinctive features, particularly Neoclassical, Gothic Revival and Scottish Baronial styles.
Together, all this gives Aberdeen an air of self-sufficiency found in few places in Britain today.
Aberdeen is one of the most prosperous places in Scotland, due primarily to the North Sea oil industry, and has low unemployment (2.2% in January 2017), leading to a low crime rate compared to other UK cities.
Most buildings are constructed out of granite quarried in and around the city, and as a result, Aberdeen is often referred to as The Granite City.
It is also known for its many outstanding parks, gardens and floral displays throughout the city, and for its long, sandy beach.
Immigration due to the oil industry and the universities gives the city a cosmopolitan air that often surprises visitors, and when out and about in the city languages are heard from all over the world.
There has been a big fall in oil prices since September 2014 - Brent Crude was around 5 per barrel in 2012 and is around in early 2016.
British visitors are often surprised to find such a vibrant city so far north.
Partly due to oil wealth and its status as the only large regional centre, it has the facilities of a much larger city.
Alternatively, Aberdeen's remoteness yet comforts and cosmopolitan nature makes it an interesting destination for a short city break if you really want to get away from the stress.