This valley clearly defined the Eastern and Western Ridges from each other.
It was over this valley Christ would often gaze on Jerusalem and the Temple Mount from the slopes of the Mount of Olives in the New Testament.Between the two ridges another valley ran, the Tyropoeon Valley, mentioned above.The Western Ridge was flanked by the Hinnom Valley, which ran along its western and southern slopes.The Hinnom, or Gehenna, Valley was associated with hell and sheol throughout the Old Testament.It was where the elite and powerful of Jerusalem history lived and worked.
The northeastern hill would become suburbs known as Bezetha.
Tradition associates this Moriah with the mountain Abraham sacrificed his son Isaac on, though God interrupted and provided a ram instead.
This, however, is debated by scholars and historians.
Through Jerusalem history this was one of the most notorious and dangerous roads.
Jericho lay to the east of Jerusalem, one of the lowest points on earth.
It was, thus, a favorite of bandits and thieves throughout antiquity.